Intensive Care Unit Scoring Automation System and It’s Application
Uğurhan Kutbay1 PhD., Göktuğ Dulkan2, Güler Merve Demir2, Etem Köklükaya1 Prof. Dr., Yücel Balbay3 Assoc. Prof. Dr., , Fırat Hardalaç*1 Assoc. Prof. Dr.
1Gazi University, Electrical & Electronics Engineering Department, Ankara, Turkey
2Teymek Coop. Ankara, Turkey
3Turkey Higher Education Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Ankara, Turkey
Material & Methods
This work includes intensive care supporting system. Apache-II intensive care scoring method was used in this study.
As a result of the study, decision support system helps doctors and the medical personals in the intensive care unit for instant intensive care scoring calculation. The patients prognosis (rather the state of the patient going well or not) can instantly be assessed by using this system.
The system has reached the aim of calculating a state of the patient in seconds by using results of the instantaneous data taken from Ethernet cable. By using the system expected mortality rate quickness is faster than manual calculation about 33% without laboratory automation and 89% by using laboratory automation adapted system.
Keywords: Intensive Care Unit; Severity of Illness Scoring Systems
When the parameters were decreased, which parameters are the serum glucose level, serum albumin level, central venous pressure and urinary output, were determined by using very little changes in their role and during their treatment the outcome variables were determined as more affected .
Material and Methods
This study was partially supported by the program of the TUBITAK 1507 (The Scientific & Technological Research Council of Turkey). This study run on a PC with an Intel, Duo CPU 3.20 GHz, 4GB of RAM machine and yielded the results by using Windows 7 operating system. ASP.NET and C# in Visual Studio are used under the study.
In this system some hardware equipment are used such as; patient monitor, database system for storing data, switch for the
Total Acute Physiology Score = 15- Real GCS (Eq. 1.)
Age Score (year): <44=0, 45-54= 2 point, 55-64=3, 65-74= 5 point, ≥75=6 (Eq. 2.)
Chronic health scores: in the past serious organ system failure or if immunosuppression. Immunosuppression can be categorized as;
• Hepatic: With biopsy proven cirrhosis, portal hypertension, associated gastrointestinal bleeding, liver failure, Encephalopathy, coma,
• Cardiovascular: Angina and cardiac symptoms at rest,
• Respiratory: Activity restrictive chronic restrictive, obstructive disease, Chronic hypoxia, hypercapnia, secondary polycythemia, severe pulmonary hypertension, mechanical ventilation,
• Renal: chronic hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, the immunosuppression: the immunosuppressant, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, intake of high doses of steroids (leukemia, lymphoma, AIDS)
For the defined symptoms recorded on emergency patients =5 point, b) Elective postoperative patients =2 point
Total APACHE II Score is sum of the Eq. 1., Eq. 2. and Eq. 3.
At the first stage of the study, data were transferred to the database of patient monitors automated scoring module. At the next stage, the data is taken from the database and transferred to the scoring system. The others are entered manually then intensive care scoring module makes necessary calculations.
Figure 1. Flowchart of the Data Flow from the Monitor.
Results & Conclusions
All APACHE-II data could be seen from this interface and whether any need, doctor could change parameters from this interface shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2. Automated APACHE Scoring System Interface.
For automatizing intensive care scoring some data could be taken from monitor. Data which can be taken from monitor are EKG pulse, IBP1 Systolic pressure (mmHg), IBP1 Average pressure (mmHg), IBP1 Diastolic pressure (mmHg), IBP2 Systolic pressure (mmHg), IBP2 Average pressure (mmHg), IBP2 Diastolic pressure (mmHg), NIBP Systolic pressure (mmHg), NIBP Diastolic pressure (mmHg), 1. Channel Temperature measurement results (Celcius), 2. Channel Temperature measurement results (Celcius), O2 saturation (%), Respiratory (per min), End Tidal CO2, Inspired CO2 and Respiratory obtained from CO2 (per min).
In addition to these data some laboratory data and other medical data must be added for scoring such as: FiO2>= 0,5 if it so (A-a) O2, FiO2 < 0,5 if it so PaO2, AKG absent Serum HCO3 -(mmol/L), Arterial pH, Serum Sodium (mmol/L), Serum Potassium (mmol/L), Serum Creatine: If there is Acute Renal Failure, Serum Creatine: If None-Acute Renal Failure, Ht (%), W.B.C (x103/ mm3), Glasgow Coma Score, Age and Chronic organ failure.
When all data are obtained scoring can be calculated by using user interface. A revised data obtained in this study are recordeded in the second instant database. The data is transferred to a scoring system in every per minutes. With this system, physicians can decide how critical the patient’s condition. Proposed system helps the physician by using this scoring module. For system success this module has been tested by Assoc. Dr. Yücel BALBAY (Intensive Care Cardiology Specialist) at the High Specialized Hospital in Turkey. In addition, this system allows the recovery time of the patient follow-up, physicians will be able to intervene more quickly to patients and all critical data is expected to decrease confusion data it is in the hands of physicians.
The expected mortality rate will be calculated after all APACHE parameters will be completed by doctor shown in Figure 3. By
For the system time improvement calculation, the formula can be used in Eq.4 below;
Because APACHE scoring need 18 parameter for calculation. By using this interface six parameters are taken from ICU monitor. If the hospital has no laboratory automation system this interface getting 33.3% faster than manual calculation. If the hospital has laboratory automation system this interface just need Glasgow Scoring (Coma scoring and this must be done by doctor) and time improvement is calculated as 88%.
Figure 3. Automated APACHE Scoring System Mortality Result.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
This study partially evolved in Türkiye Yüksek Ihtisas Hospital by Yücel BALBAY and computer based study performed in Gazi University Engineering Faculty, Electrical & Electronics Engineering Department and TEYMEK Coorp. R&D Laboratory.
Cite this article: Hardalac F. Intensive Care Unit Scoring Automation System and It’s Application. J J Biotech Bioeng. 2015, 2(2): 013.